The land of Mongolia only offers a hint at the flow of history, people and the culture that existed here prior to and after the reign of Chinggis Khan but Mongolia was a significant cultural hearth in the Palaeolithic Period and was a major stage for the emergence of North Asian pastoralism in the pre-Bronze Age period and its spread in the Bronze Age.
Since earliest times tribes moved across the great Central Asian plains – a fluid changeable nomadic society. Three main waves of nomadic tribes rode their horses across Mongolian Plateau to challenge the world, each producing its own distinctive influence – the Hunnu, the Turks and the Mongols.
On this specific Mongolia day tour, you’ll spend the day with archaeologist Erdene Ochir – a Research Fellow at the Institute of Archaeology at the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, a co-author on over 30 research publications connected and an expert on the Bronze, Early Iron Age and Xiongnu period of Mongolian history.
You spend the day in Ulaanbaatar – Mongolia’s capital city – and its surroundings discovering the different layers of history including the Bronze Age rock paintings and slab graves found on Bogd Khan Mountain or the royal tombs of the Hunnu. Ulaanbaatar was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre, it settled permanently at its present location, in 1778. However, human habitation from the area dates from the Lower Paleolithic – with sites on Bogd Khan and Songinokhairkhan Mountains (two of the four mountains that surround Ulaanbaatar) revealing tools which date from 300,000 years ago to 40,000–12,000 years ago.
We’re still updating the details on our website of our archaeological Mongolia day tour but do get in touch for details. Alternatively, all of our Mongolia one-
Jess @ Eternal Landscapes