Mongolia Day Tour – Spend a day with an archaeologist

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Deer stones - experience them as part of our archaeological Mongolia day tour

Mongolia Day Tour – Spend a day with an archaeologist

 The land of Mongolia only offers a hint at the flow of history, people and the culture that existed here prior to and after the reign of Chinggis Khan but Mongolia was a significant cultural hearth in the Palaeolithic Period and was a major stage for the emergence of North Asian pastoralism in the pre-Bronze Age period and its spread in the Bronze Age.

Since earliest times tribes moved across the great Central Asian plains – a fluid changeable nomadic society. Three main waves of nomadic tribes rode their horses across Mongolian Plateau to challenge the world, each producing its own distinctive influence – the Hunnu, the Turks and the Mongols. 

Deer stones - experience them as part of our archaeological Mongolia day tour

Known as Bugan Khoshoo in Mongolian, deer stones are found mainly in central and western Mongolia. Carved onto a stele (a stone or wooden slab) are beautiful stylised images of deer, the sun and moon and various ancient weapons. This particular Deer Stone forms part of the Uushigiin complex in Khovsgol Province. Comprised of 14 remarkably preserved deer stones, lined up from north to south.

On this specific Mongolia day tour, you’ll spend the day with archaeologist Erdene Ochir – a Research Fellow at the Institute of Archaeology at the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, a co-author on over 30 research publications connected and an expert on the Bronze, Early Iron Age and Xiongnu period of Mongolian history.

Meet archaeologist Nasan-Ochir Erdene Ochir as part of our Mongolia day tour

You spend the day in Ulaanbaatar – Mongolia’s capital city – and its surroundings discovering the different layers of history including the Bronze Age rock paintings and slab graves found on Bogd Khan Mountain or the royal tombs of the Hunnu. Ulaanbaatar was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre, it settled permanently at its present location, in 1778. However, human habitation from the area dates from the Lower Paleolithic – with sites on Bogd Khan and Songinokhairkhan Mountains (two of the four mountains that surround Ulaanbaatar) revealing tools which date from 300,000 years ago to 40,000–12,000 years ago.

Ancient slab graves in Mongolia - experience them as part of our archaeological Mongolia day tour

Slab graves are named for the main typology of the graves – the vertically set slabs with stone kurgans. The most recent graves date from the 6th century BC, and the earliest monuments belong to the 2nd century BC.  The slab graves are both individual and collective in groups of 5-8 and there are a few large burial sites as well.


Man Stones - experience them as part of our archaeological Mongolia one day tour

Found throughout most Turkic areas of Central Asia (including Mongolia) are Hun Chuluu or Man Stones – memorials dating back to the Turkic era of Mongolian history. Little is known about them. However, there is a ritual significance in the fact that nearly all face east and most are carved holding a sword, bowl and wear a belt and an earring.

We’re still updating the details on our website of our archaeological Mongolia day tour but do get in touch for details. Alternatively, all of our Mongolia one-day tours are private, flexible and fluid and designed to get you just that little bit closer to daily life and give you a more local aspect.

Jess @ Eternal Landscapes

Jessica Brooks
Jessica Brooks
I’m Jess Brooks. I am the founder of Eternal Landscapes Mongolia - a registered Mongolian business and social travel enterprise that focuses on providing travellers with a real 21st Century insight into Mongolia. I have been based in Mongolia since 2006 and together with my beloved Mongolian team, we focus on tourism that makes a positive difference. I'm also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society - awarded for my work in Mongolia and a published guidebook author - having worked together with World Adventure Guides to produce a digital interactive guide to Mongolia.
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