A female camel herder in Mongolia's Gobi Desert
Gobi Desert – Mongolia
July 16, 2018
The town of Kharkhorin in central Mongolia with snow on the hilltops
Kharkhorin – Mongolia
August 2, 2018
One of our wild picnics on top of Chichee Uul in Mongolia's Khovsgol Nuur National Park. The view is remarkable!

Khovsgol Nuur National Park

Allow us to introduce Khovsgol Nuur National Park in northern Mongolia. But first, a question. When you think of Mongolia what do you think of? Nomads, horses, wrestlers, Chinggis Khan, gers, wide-open steppe … and maybe mutton?

What about a navy? 

Yes, it may seem a little odd that Mongolia (the second-largest landlocked nation after Kazakhstan and with the closest port (roughly) 1270km away) has a navy. But it does. Of a sort. Based at Khatgal – the small community in the south of Khovsgol Nuur.

The Sukhbaatar III - a Mongolian tug boat that is considered to be Mongolia's Navy

Meet Mongolia’s Navy – tugboat Sukhbaatar III – named after the Mongolian revolutionary leader

But more on this in a bit. 

Khovsgol Nuur National Park was established in 1992. It covers 838,000 hectares – the entire watershed of Lake Khovsgol. In 1997, an additional 189,000 hectares of mountain wilderness was set aside as the Khoridol Saridag Strictly Protected Area. Located where the vast Siberian forest meets the central Asian steppe Khovsgol blends elements of both.  The mountainous landscapes add to this. 

Khovsgol Nuur

 Probably the most famous aspect of the national park is the lake itself. Tour companies called it the ‘Blue Pearl’ of Mongolia. Mongolians call it Dalai Ej – Mother Sea. A much more suitable name.

The western shore of Khovsgol Nuur National Park in northern Mongolia

Yes. It really can look like this.

 Khovsgol is 126km in length and represents roughly 70% of Mongolia’s freshwater and is the younger sister to Lake Baikal in Siberia and part of the same Rift System. If the sky is clear, you can stand on the shoreline and see the snowcapped Sayan Mountains – the border with Siberia. 

 The water is clean, clear … and truly bloody cold. Let’s call it refreshing.

East Shore Versus West Shore

 A majority of western companies now use more ‘exclusive’ luxury camps on the east shore. That means you’re based away from tourism – which at Khovsgol frequently means holidaying Mongolians. However, Khovsgol Nuur is a spiritual place for Mongolians and that means they like to visit it. Wouldn’t you if you’re based in Ulaanbaatar or the  Gobi Desert for the rest of the year?

 And you know what?  I like holidaying Mongolians. You get invited to join in with their family celebration. They spend time practising their English. They’re interested in where you’re from and what you do. And they give you a  different perspective – they make you remember that Mongolia is not just nomads, wrestlers and horses. 

Another reason I like the west shore is as with a bit of ‘puff’ you can explore the Khoridol Saridag Mountains including the 2300m Chuchee Uul with its remarkable view

Image of a Mongolian ovoo (sacred stone shrine) overlooking Khovsgol Nuur National Park

Visit Mongolia and you’ll get used to seeing these piles of stones. It’s an ovoo – a shamanistic construction erected by local families and travellers to show gratitude and respect and to honour the spirits of the surrounding land.

Having said that … one of our favourite camps is located on the east coast and run by a former national park ranger – a family of conservationists. Although without electricity its the little touches such as the sauna, fed by a wood fire that also heats the shower, which makes this so special.

Khoridol Saridag Mountain Range

The Khoridol Saridag Mountains are a strictly protected area and primarily uplifted dolomite and the very barren, arid upland areas contrast with great beauty against the lower rich alpine meadows. 

The Khoridol Saridag Mountains in northern Mongolia

The view from one of our trekking routes through the Khoridol Saridag Mountains. Doesn’t it make you want to be there?!

 Yes. Most companies offer trips through Jigleg Davaa and up to Renchinlumbe – the edge of the Darkhad Depression (and a different blog post). However, there are numerous trekking routes within the Khoridol Saridag – quite a few following the migration routes of the local herders. These are the ones we prefer and we never see any other travellers – just passing local herders.


This small rural community looks like most of Mongolia’s small rural communities – dusty around the edges and not that inspiring. But, dig a little deeper and you’ll find a vibrant local community – especially during Naadam typically held around July 11th and 12th.

The wooden houses and gers of Khatgal community in northern Mongolia

The colourful roofs are typical of rural Mongolian communities

You’ll also find the remains of the Mongolian Navy.

In the 1930s, the Mongolian Navy was reborn under the auspices of the Soviet Union. It received one boat, the Sukhbaatar, to patrol Lake Khovsgol.  The ship was named after Damdiny Sukhbaatar, the Mongolian revolutionary leader who brought independence from China in 1921. 

The Sukhbaatar eventually sank. As did Sukhbaatar II. The Sukhbaatar III is still surviving. But, the Mongolian government privatised its navy in 1997. So now the Sukhbaatar III supplements its income by hauling freight (mainly visitors) across the lake. 

When the lake is not frozen … obviously.

Turuu (my business partner) and our drive Bataa on the frozen ice surfaces of Khovsgol Nuur in Northern Mongolia. As someone said, you’ve got the ice. Where’s the gin and tonic?!

Khovsgol In Winter

And don’t think you can only visit Khovsgol in the summer. Consider the Ice Festival that takes place in early March.  As well as winter ice games (horse-sledge races, ice-skating, ice ankle bones) there is also a cultural element with members of the Tsaatan (Mongolia’s ethnic reindeer herders) coming down from the taiga to join with the local residents. Throughout the event, it’s the ice that dominates – not just the artistic ice sculptures but the frozen lake itself with its deep cobalt cracks and ice waves caused by the ever-shifting wind patterns.

Photo from our recent Mongolia winter tour to Khovsgol Ice Festival

Exploring the frozen landscapes of Khovsgol Nuur on our 3-day horse sleigh expedition during our Khovsgol Ice Festival, Mongolian winter tour. You feel completely free.

This event plays an important part in the winter calendar on the local people. Don’t get caught up in notions of authenticity – the festivals feature a lot of local involvement and always draw local Mongolian spectators as well as westerners and the locals are always more enthusiastic.

If the idea of being amongst any of these landscapes appeals why not have a quick look at our Mongolia small group tours page? We offer both summer and winter departures to Khovsgol Nuur National Park. We can also offer Mongolia tailor-made tours as well that include Khovsgol Nuur National Park. Get in touch for inspiration!

Jess @ Eternal Landscapes


Jessica Brooks
Jessica Brooks
I’m Jess Brooks. I am the founder of Eternal Landscapes Mongolia - a registered Mongolian business and social travel enterprise that focuses on providing travellers with a real 21st Century insight into Mongolia. I have been based in Mongolia since 2006 and together with my beloved Mongolian team, we focus on tourism that makes a positive difference. I'm also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society - awarded for my work in Mongolia and a published guidebook author - having worked together with World Adventure Guides to produce a digital interactive guide to Mongolia. http://www.jessbrooks.co.uk/
Sign up to our Newsletter

Written by Jess - the founder of Eternal Landscapes - there's no spam, no sharing your details and no random offers. It goes out once or twice a month. Hopefully enough to be of interest but not too much to annoy.

We respect your privacy.