Mongolia. Did you know that it’s one of the highest countries in the world with over 80% of the country over 1000m? It’s a high plateau with an average altitude of 1580m above sea level. Although Ulaanbaatar is not the highest capital in the world, it is given the ominous title of the coldest capital city and is 1350m above sea level.
Why have I started to spout statistics? We offer Mongolia trekking tours. One frequent question is about the altitude.
Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park
Khovsgol Nuur National Park
Otgon Tenger Strictly Protected Area
Khogno Khan Nature Reserve
Chuchee Uul & Khoridol Saridag
Khuiten Uul – Altai Tavan Bogd National Park
Altitude and its effects
Did you know that the effects of altitude on your body start at between 1500-2000m? The effects obviously increase the higher you go.
Trekking in Mongolia is not considered high risk unless your planning on scaling the highest peaks of Altai Tavan Bogd. However, there are a few things to be aware of that will make your trip just that little more comfortable.
Roughly speaking, for every 100m of ascent, the temperature can drop by as much as 1 deg c. Mongolia is (in)famous for its challenging and changeable climate and the subtle effects of altitude combined with a bit of Mongolian weather can affect trekkers.
Pack gloves, a hat, an insulating jacket and spare warm layers such as thermals will help your trekking experience to not be a too chilly one!
Cooler so not so much fluid required. Right? Nope. Ask someone who has travelled to Mongolia and they will probably mention about how dry the atmosphere is – how lip balm and a moisturiser are two useful items on the ‘going to Mongolia’ packing list. At altitude, the air is drier and just by breathing your removing moisture from your body. Drink plenty of fluid….and beer does not count.
UV radiation levels increase by 10% with every 1000m gained in height. This means at 3000m, the amount of UV from the sun is 30% higher than at sea-level. Even if it’s cloudy, 90% of UV can penetrate clouds and snow reflects up to 80% of UV. To prevent the weathered look, pack that sunscreen!